Register of correspondence experiments on hiring discrimination since 2005


See my chapter in 'Audit Studies: Behind the Scenes with Theory, Method, and Nuance' (edited by S. Michael Gaddis and published by Springer) on the original register for more information concerning its the construction. A discussion paper version of this chapter can be downloaded here.


Links to additional experiments to be included can be sent to Stijn.Baert@UGent.be.


(1)

Treatment

(2)

Country of analysis

(3)

Study

(4)

Effect

A. Discrimination ground: Race and national origin

A.1. African (versus native) name

France

Cediey & Foroni (2008)

-

Edo et al. (2013)

-

US

Nunley et al. (2015)

-

Gaddis (2015)

-

Jacquement & Yannelis (2012)

-

Agan & Starr (2016)

-

A.2. African or Hispanic (versus native) name

Sweden

Bursell (2014)

-

US

Darolia et al. (2016)

0

Decker et al. (2015)

0

A.3. African, Asian, or German (versus native) name

Ireland

McGinnity & Lunn (2011)

-

A.4. African, Caribbean, Indian, or Pakistani (versus native) name

UK

Wood et al. (2009)

-

A.5. Albanian (versus native) name

Greece

Drydakis & Vlassis (2010) and Drydakis (2012a)

-

A.6. Albanians, Georgian, or Ukrainians (versus native) name

Greece

Drydakis (2017)

-

A.7. Antillean, Moroccan, Surinamese, or Turkish (versus native) name

Netherlands

Andriessen et al. (2012)

-

A.8. Arabian (versus native) name

Netherlands

Derous et al. (2012)

-

Blommaert et al. (2014)

-

Sweden

Agerström et al. (2012)

-

Arai et al. (2015)

-

US

Widner & Chicoine (2011)

-

A.9. Asian or Roma (versus native) name

Czech Republic

Bartoš et al. (2014)

-

A.10. Azeri or Armenian (versus native) name

Georgian

Asali et al. (2017)

-

A.11. Chinese, Greek, Indian, or Pakistani (versus native) name

US

Oreopoulos (2011)

-

A.12. Chinese, Indigenous, Italian, or Middle-Eastern (versus native) name

Australia

Booth et al. (2012)

-

A.13. Chinese, Nigerian, Serbian, or Turkish (versus native) name and appearance

Austria

Weichselbaumer (in press)

-

A.14. Congolese, Moroccan, Italian, or Turkish (versus native) name

Belgium

Capéau et al. (2012)

-

A.15. Ghanaian, Moroccan, Turkish, or Slovakian (versus native) name

Belgium

Baert et al. (2017)

-

A.16. Indigenous (versus native) name

Peru

Galarza & Yamada (2014)

-

A.17. Malaysian (versus Chinese) name

Malaysia

Lee & Khalid (2016)

-

A.18. Middle-Eastern (versus native) name

Sweden

Carlsson (2010) , Carlsson & Eriksson (in press) , Carlsson & Rooth (2007) , and Carlsson & Rooth (2012)

-

Attström (2007)

-

A.19. Mixed-race or Indigenous (versus white) skin

Mexico

Arceo-Gomez & Campos-Vazques (2014)

-

A.20. Mongolian, Tibetan, or Uighur (versus native) name

China

Maurer-Fazio (2013)

-

A.21. Moroccan (versus native) name

France

Pierné (2013)

-

Berson (2012)

-

Duguet et al. (2010)

-

A.22. Pakistani (versus native) name

Norway

Birkelund et al. (2017)

-

Midtbøen (2013) and Midtbøen (2016)

-

A.23. Turkish (versus native) name

Belgium

Baert et al. (2015)

-

Baert & Vujić (2016)

-

Germany

Kaas & Manger (2012)

-

A.24. Ukraine or Vietnamese (versus native) name

Poland

Wysienska-Di Carlo & Karpinski (2014)

-

B. Discrimination ground: Gender and motherhood

B.1. Being a mother (versus a childless woman)

Sweden

Bygren et al. (2017)

0

US

Correll et al. (2007)

-

B.2. Being pregnant (versus revealing no pregnancy)

Belgium

Capéau et al. (2012)

-

B.3. Female (versus male) gender

Australia

Booth & Leigh (2010)

+

Belgium

Capéau et al. (2012)

0

Baert (2015b) and Baert et al. (2016a)

0

China

Zhou et al. (2013)

+

France

Petit (2007)

-

Berson (2012)

+

Spain

Albert et al. (2011)

0

Sweden

Agerström et al. (2012)

0

Bygren et al. (2017)

0

Carlsson and Eriksson (2017)

0

Carlsson (2011)

0

UK

Jackson (2009)

+

Riach & Rich (2006b)

-

B.4. Transgender sexual identity

US

Make the Road New York (2010)

-

C. Discrimination ground: Religion

C.1. Muslim (versus majority religion)

France

Adida et al. (2010)

-

Pierné (2013)

-

India

Banerjee et al. (2009)

0

C.2. Pentecostal, Evangelical, or Jehovah’s Witness (versus majority religion)

Greece

Drydakis (2010b)

-

C.3. Religious group membership

US

Wright et al. (2013)

-

C.4. Wearing headscarves

Germany

Weichselbaumer (2016)

-

D. Discrimination ground: Disability

D.1. Blindness, deafness, or autism

Belgium

Baert (2016)

-

D.2. Former depression

Belgium

Baert et al. (2016b)

-

D.3. Former mental illness (versus physical injury)

US

Hipes et al. (2016)

-

D.4. HIV

Greece

Drydakis (2010a)

-

D.5. Obesity

Sweden

Agerström & Rooth (2011) and Rooth (2009)

-

D.6. Spinal cord injury or Asperger’s Syndrome

US

Ameri et al. (2015)

-

D.7. Unspecified physical disability

Belgium

Capéau et al. (2012)

-

D.8. Wheelchair user

UK

Stone and Wright (2013)

-

E. Discrimination ground: Age

E.1. Age 39 or age 47 (versus age 21 or age 27)

UK

Riach and Rich (2010) and Riach (2015)

-

E.2. Age 50 or age 51 (versus age 24 or age 25)

UK

Tinsley (2012)

-

E.3. Age 38 (versus age 24 or 28)

Spain

Albert et al. (2011)

-

E.4. Age 47 (versus age 57)

France

Riach and Rich (2006a) and Riach (2015)

-

Germany

Riach (2015)

-

Spain

Riach and Rich (2007) and Riach (2015)

-

E.5. Age 64, age 65, or age 66 (versus age 29, age 30, or age 31)

US

Neumark et al. (2015) and Neumark et al. (2016)

-

E.6. 50, age 55, or age 62 (versus age 35 or 45)

US

Lahey (2008)

-

E.7. Age 35, age 47, or age 53 (versus age 23, age 35, or age 47)

Belgium

Capéau et al. (2012)

-

E.8. Age 46 (versus age 31)

Sweden

Ahmed et al. (2012)

-

E.9. Age 50 or age 44 (versus age 44 or age 38)

Belgium

Baert et al. (2016c)

-

E.10. Age 50 or older (versus younger)

US

Farber et al. (2016)

-

E.11. Age 36 to 70 (versus age 35 to 69)

Sweden

Carlsson and Eriksson (2017)

-

E.12. Age 50 (versus age 28)

United Kingdom

Drydakis (2017)

-

F. Discrimination ground: Military service or affiliation

F.1. Military work experience

Belgium

Baert & Balcaen (2013)

0

F.2. Military service

US

Kleykamp (2009)

+

G. Discrimination ground: Wealth

G.1. Residence in neighbourhood with poor (versus bland) reputation

UK

Tunstall et al. (2014)

0

G.2. Non-upper-caste (versus upper-caste)

India

Banerjee et al. (2009)

0

Siddique (2011)

-

H. Discrimination ground: Genetic information

No related correspondence experiments found.

I. Discrimination ground: Citizenship status

No related correspondence experiments found.

J. Discrimination ground: Marital status

J.1. Married (versus unmarried)

Mexico

Arceo-Gomez & Campos-Vazques (2014)

0

K. Discrimination ground: Sexual orientation

K.1. LGBT organisation member

Cyprus

Drydakis (2014)

-

Germany

Weichselbaumer (2015)

-

Greece

Drydakis (2009)

-

Drydakis (2011)

-

Drydakis (2012b)

-

Italy

Patacchini et al. (2015)

0

Sweden

Ahmed et al. (2013)

-

Bailey et al. (2013)

0

UK

Drydakis (2015)

-

US

Tilcsik (2011)

-

Mishel (2016)

-

K.2. Same-sex marriage partner

Belgium

Baert (2014)

0

L. Discrimination ground: Political orientation

L.1. Orientation of mentioned youth political organisation

Belgium

Baert et al. (2014)

0

M. Discrimination ground: Union affiliation

M.1. Youth union membership

Belgium

Baert & Omey (2015)

-

N. Discrimination ground: Physical appearance

N.1. Lower attractiveness of resume picture

Argentina

Lopez Bóo et al. (2013)

-

Belgium

Baert (in press)

-

China

Maurer-Fazio and Lei (2015)

-

Israel

Ruffle and Shtudiner (2015)

-

Italy

Patacchini et al. (2015)

0

N.2. Facial disfigurement (in resume picture)

UK

Stone and Wright (2013)

-

+ (0) ((-)) indicates an overall significantly positive (neutral) ((negative)) effect of the treatment in column (1) on call-back outcomes. Used abbreviations: LGBT: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender; UK: United Kingdom; US: United States.