Register of correspondence experiments on hiring discrimination since 2005


See my chapter in 'Audit Studies: Behind the Scenes with Theory, Method, and Nuance' (edited by S. Michael Gaddis and published by Springer) on the original register for more information concerning its the construction. A discussion paper version of this chapter can be downloaded here.


Links to additional correspondence studies that are written in English, not earlier than 2005, and that focuss on hiring discrimination can be sent to Stijn.Baert@UGent.be. These e-mails should also mention the content of columns (1), (2), and (4) below.


(1)

Treatment

(2)

Country of analysis

(3)

Study

(4)

Effect

A. Discrimination ground: Race and national origin

A.1. African (versus native) name

France

Cediey & Foroni (2008)

-

Edo et al. (2013)

-

US

Nunley et al. (2015)

-

Gaddis (2015)

-

Jacquement & Yannelis (2012)

-

Agan & Starr (2016)

-

A.2. African or Hispanic (versus native) name

Sweden

Bursell (2014)

-

US

Darolia et al. (2016)

0

Decker et al. (2015)

0

A.3. African, Asian, or German (versus native) name

Ireland

McGinnity & Lunn (2011)

-

A.4. African, Caribbean, Indian, or Pakistani (versus native) name

UK

Wood et al. (2009)

-

A.5. Albanian (versus native) name

Greece

Drydakis & Vlassis (2010) and Drydakis (2012a)

-

A.6. Albanian, Chinese, German, Moroccan, or Romanian (versus native) name

Italy

Busetta et al. (2018)

-

A.7. Albanians, Georgian, or Ukrainians (versus native) name

Greece

Drydakis (2017)

-

A.8. Antillean, Moroccan, Surinamese, or Turkish (versus native) name

Netherlands

Andriessen et al. (2012)

-

A.9. Arabian (versus native) name

Netherlands

Derous et al. (2012)

-

Blommaert et al. (2014)

-

Sweden

Arai et al. (2015)

-

US

Widner & Chicoine (2011)

-

A.10. Asian or Roma (versus native) name

Czech Republic

Bartoš et al. (2014)

-

A.11. Azeri or Armenian (versus native) name

Georgian

Asali et al. (2017)

-

A.12. Chinese, Greek, Indian, or Pakistani (versus native) name

US

Oreopoulos (2011)

-

A.13. Chinese, Indigenous, Italian, or Middle-Eastern (versus native) name

Australia

Booth et al. (2012)

-

A.14. Chinese, Nigerian, Serbian, or Turkish (versus native) name and appearance

Austria

Weichselbaumer (in press)

-

A.15. Congolese, Moroccan, Italian, or Turkish (versus native) name

Belgium

Capéau et al. (2012)

-

A.16. Ghanaian, Moroccan, Turkish, or Slovakian (versus native) name

Belgium

Baert et al. (2017)

-

A.17. Indigenous (versus native) name

Peru

Galarza & Yamada (2014)

-

A.18. Indigenous (versus native) status

United States

Button & Walker (2017)

-

A.19. Malaysian (versus Chinese) name

Malaysia

Lee & Khalid (2016)

-

A.20. Middle-Eastern (versus native) name

Sweden

Agerström et al. (2012) , Carlsson (2010) , Carlsson & Eriksson (in press) , Carlsson & Rooth (2007) , and Carlsson & Rooth (2012)

-

Attström (2007)

-

A.21. Mixed-race or Indigenous (versus white) skin

Mexico

Arceo-Gomez & Campos-Vazques (2014)

-

A.22. Mongolian, Tibetan, or Uighur (versus native) name

China

Maurer-Fazio (2013)

-

A.23. Moroccan (versus native) name

France

Pierné (2013)

-

Berson (2012)

-

Duguet et al. (2010)

-

A.24. Moroccan, Senegalese or Vietnamese (versus native) name

France

Duguet et al. (2010)

-

A.25. Pakistani (versus native) name

Norway

Birkelund et al. (2017)

-

Birkelund et al. (2018)

-

Midtbøen (2013) and Midtbøen (2016)

-

A.26. Turkish (versus native) name

Belgium

Baert et al. (2015)

-

Baert & Vujić (2016)

-

Germany

Kaas & Manger (2012)

-

A.27. Ukraine or Vietnamese (versus native) name

Poland

Wysienska-Di Carlo & Karpinski (2014)

-

A.28. Unwhitened experience and name (versus whitened) for Black and Asian individuals

US

Kang et al. (2016)

-

B. Discrimination ground: Gender and motherhood

B.1. Being a mother (versus a childless woman)

Sweden

Bygren et al. (2017)

0

US

Correll et al. (2007)

-

B.2. Being pregnant (versus revealing no pregnancy)

Belgium

Capéau et al. (2012)

-

B.3. Female (versus male) gender

Australia

Booth & Leigh (2010)

+

Belgium

Capéau et al. (2012)

0

Baert (2015b) and Baert et al. (2016a)

0

China

Zhou et al. (2013)

+

France

Petit (2007)

-

Duguet et al. (2010)

-

Berson (2012)

+

Spain

Albert et al. (2011)

0

Sweden

Brandén et al. (2018)

-

Bygren et al. (2017)

0

Carlsson et al. ( 2014 )

0

Carlsson & Eriksson (2017)

0

Carlsson (2011)

0

UK

Jackson (2009)

+

Riach & Rich (2006b)

-

US

Rivera & Tilcsik (2016)

0

C. Discrimination ground: Religion

C.1. Muslim (versus majority religion)

France

Adida et al. (2010)

-

Pierné (2013)

-

India

Banerjee et al. (2009)

0

Netherlands

Abubaker & Bagley (2017)

-

UK

Abubaker & Bagley (2017)

-

C.2. Pentecostal, Evangelical, or Jehovah’s Witness (versus majority religion)

Greece

Drydakis (2010b)

-

C.3. Religious group membership

US

Wright et al. (2013)

-

C.4. Wearing headscarves

Germany

Weichselbaumer (2016)

-

D. Discrimination ground: Disability

D.1. Blindness, deafness, or autism

Belgium

Baert (2016)

-

D.2. Former depression

Belgium

Baert et al. (2016b)

-

D.3. Former mental illness (versus physical injury)

US

Hipes et al. (2016)

-

D.4. HIV

Greece

Drydakis (2010a)

-

D.5. Obesity

Sweden

Agerström & Rooth (2011) and Rooth (2009)

-

D.6. Spinal cord injury or Asperger’s Syndrome

US

Ameri et al. (2015)

-

D.7. Unspecified physical disability

Belgium

Capéau et al. (2012)

-

D.8. Wheelchair user

UK

Stone and Wright (2013)

-

E. Discrimination ground: Age

E.1. Age 39 or age 47 (versus age 21 or age 27)

UK

Riach and Rich (2010) and Riach (2015)

-

E.2. Age 50 or age 51 (versus age 24 or age 25)

UK

Tinsley (2012)

-

E.3. Age 38 (versus age 24 or 28)

Spain

Albert et al. (2011)

-

E.4. Age 47 (versus age 57)

France

Riach and Rich (2006a) and Riach (2015)

-

Germany

Riach (2015)

-

Spain

Riach and Rich (2007) and Riach (2015)

-

E.5. Age 64, age 65, or age 66 (versus age 29, age 30, or age 31)

US

Neumark et al. (2015) and Neumark et al. (2016)

-

E.6. 50, age 55, or age 62 (versus age 35 or 45)

US

Lahey (2008)

-

E.7. Age 35, age 47, or age 53 (versus age 23, age 35, or age 47)

Belgium

Capéau et al. (2012)

-

E.8. Age 46 (versus age 31)

Sweden

Ahmed et al. (2012)

-

E.9. Age 50 or age 44 (versus age 44 or age 38)

Belgium

Baert et al. (2016c)

-

E.10. Age 50 or older (versus younger)

US

Farber et al. (2016)

-

E.11. Age 36 to 70 (versus age 35 to 69)

Sweden

Carlsson and Eriksson (2017)

-

E.12. Age 50 (versus age 28)

UK

Drydakis (2017)

-

F. Discrimination ground: Military service or affiliation

F.1. Military work experience

Belgium

Baert & Balcaen (2013)

0

F.2. Military service

US

Kleykamp (2009)

+

G. Discrimination ground: Wealth

G.1. Residence in neighbourhood with poor (versus bland) reputation

France

Brunel et al. (2016)

-

UK

Tunstall et al. (2014)

0

G.2. Non-upper-caste (versus upper-caste)

India

Banerjee et al. (2009)

0

Siddique (2011)

-

G.3. Signals of lower social class

US

Rivera & Tilcsik (2016)

0/-

H. Discrimination ground: Genetic information

No related correspondence experiments found.

I. Discrimination ground: Citizenship status

No related correspondence experiments found.

J. Discrimination ground: Marital status

J.1. Married (versus unmarried)

Mexico

Arceo-Gomez & Campos-Vazques (2014)

0

K. Discrimination ground: Sexual orientation

K.1. LGBT organisation member

Cyprus

Drydakis (2014)

-

Germany

Weichselbaumer (2015)

-

Greece

Drydakis (2009)

-

Drydakis (2011)

-

Italy

Patacchini et al. (2015)

0

Sweden

Ahmed et al. (2013)

-

Bailey et al. (2013)

0

UK

Drydakis (2015)

-

US

Tilcsik (2011)

-

Mishel (2016)

-

K.2. Same-sex marriage partner

Belgium

Baert (2014)

0

L. Discrimination ground: Political orientation

L.1. Orientation of mentioned youth political organisation

Belgium

Baert et al. (2014)

0

M. Discrimination ground: Union affiliation

M.1. Youth union membership

Belgium

Baert & Omey (2015)

-

N. Discrimination ground: Physical appearance

N.1. Lower attractiveness of resume picture

Argentina

Lopez Bóo et al. (2013)

-

Belgium

Baert (in press)

-

China

Maurer-Fazio and Lei (2015)

-

Israel

Ruffle and Shtudiner (2015)

-

Italy

Patacchini et al. (2015)

0

N.2. Facial disfigurement (in resume picture)

UK

Stone and Wright (2013)

-

+ (0) ((-)) indicates an overall significantly positive (neutral) ((negative)) effect of the treatment in column (1) on call-back outcomes. Used abbreviations: UK: United Kingdom; US: United States.