English dictionary of medical terms (81)

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[Multilingual]No:1600 - soufffle
(Fr. 'a puff'; L. sufflare to blow) a soft, blowing, auscultatory sound; called also bruid de soufflet and bellows murmur.
[Multilingual]No:1601 - spasm
(L. spasmus; Gr. spasmos) 1. a sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles, attended by pain and interference with function, producing involuntary movement and distortion. 2. a sudden but transitory constriction of a passage, canal or orifice.
[Multilingual]No:1602 - spasmodic
(Gr. spasmods) of the nature of a spasm.
[Multilingual]No:1603 - spasmolytic
checking spasms; antispasmodic.
[Multilingual]No:1604 - spastic
(Gr. spastikos) 1. of the nature of or characterized by spasms. 2. hypertonic, so that the muscles are stiff and the movements awkward. 3. a person exhibiting spasticity, such as occurs in spastic paralysis or in cerebral palsy.
[Multilingual]No:1605 - spasticity
a state of hypertonicity, or increase over the normal tone of a muscle, with heightened deep tendon reflexes.
[Multilingual]No:1606 - species
a taxonomic category subordinate to a genus (or subgenus) and superior to a subspecies or variety, composed of individuals possessing common characters distinguishing them from other categories of individuals of the same taxonomic level. In taxonomic nomenclature, species are designated by the genus name followed by a Latin or Latinized adjective or noun.
[Multilingual]No:1607 - specific
(L. specificus) 1. pertaining to a species. 2. produces by a single kind of microorganism. 3. a remedy specially indicated for any particular disease. 4. in immunology, pertaining to the special affinity of antigen for the corresponding antibody.
[Multilingual]No:1608 - spectrum
(L. 'image') a charted band of wavelengths of electromagnetic vibrations obtained by refraction and diffraction. By extension, a measurable range of activity, such as the range of bacteria affected by an antibiotic (antibacterial s.) or the complete range of manifestations of a disease.
[Multilingual]No:1609 - spermatogenesis
(spermato- + Gr. genesis production) the process of formation of spermatozoa, including spermatocytogenesis and spermiogenesis.
[Multilingual]No:1610 - spermicide
an agent that is destructive to spermatozoa.
[Multilingual]No:1611 - sphincter
(L.; Gr. sphinktr that which binds tight) a ringlike band of muscle fibres that constricts a passage or closes a natural orifice; called also musculus sphincter (NA).
[Multilingual]No:1612 - spinal
(L. spinalis) pertaining to a spine or to the vertebral column.
[Multilingual]No:1613 - splenomegaly
(spleno- + Gr. megas large) enlargement of the spleen.
[Multilingual]No:1614 - spondylitis
inflammation of the vertebrae.
[Multilingual]No:1615 - sporadic
(Gr. sporadikos scattered; L. sporadicus) neither endemic nor epidemic; occurring occasionally in a random or isolated manner.
[Multilingual]No:1616 - spotting
a slight discharge of blood via the vagina, especially as a side-effect of oral contraceptives.
[Multilingual]No:1617 - spray
a liquid minutely divided or nebulized as by a jet of air of steam.
[Multilingual]No:1618 - sputum
matter ejected from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea, through the mouth.
[Multilingual]No:1619 - squamous
(L. squamosus scaly) scaly, or platelike.

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