English dictionary of medical terms (65)

Back to welcome

[dictionary] Go to the previous part of the dictionary

[Multilingual]No:1280 - parturition
(L. parturitio) the act or process of given birth to a child.
[Multilingual]No:1281 - passage
1. an evacuation of the bowels. 2. the introduction of a catheter, probe, sound, or bougie through a natural channel such as the urethra.
[Multilingual]No:1282 - passive
(L. passivus) neither spontaneous nor active; not produced by active efforts.
[Multilingual]No:1283 - pathogen
(patho- + Gr. gennan to produce) any disease-producing microorganism.
[Multilingual]No:1284 - pathologic
1. indicative of or caused by a morbid condition. 2. pertaining to pathology (= branch of medicine that treats the essential nature of the disease, especially the structural and functional changes in tissues and organs of the body caused by the disease).
[Multilingual]No:1285 - patient
1. a person who is receiving medical treatment, especially in a hospital; 2. a person who is registered with a doctor, dentist, etc and is treated by him when necessary.
[Multilingual]No:1286 - peak flow
the maximum amount of air breathed out; the power needed to produce this amount.
[Multilingual]No:1287 - pediculosis
(pediculus + -osis) infestation with lice of the family Pediculidae, especially infestation with Pediculus humanus.
[Multilingual]No:1288 - pelvic
pertaining to the pelvis.
[Multilingual]No:1289 - pemphigus
(Gr. pemphix blister) a group of chronic, relapsing, sometimes fatal skin diseases characterized clinically by the development of successive crops of vesicles and bullae, histologically by acantholysis, and immunologically by serum autoantibodies directed against antigens in the intracellular zones of the epidermis. The specific disease is usually indicated by a modifying term; but the term pemphigus is often used alone to designate pemphigus vulgaris.
[Multilingual]No:1290 - penetration
(L. penetratio) the act of piercing or entering deeply.
[Multilingual]No:1291 - penicillinase
penicillin amino-ß-lactamhydrolase : an enzyme produced by certain bacteria which converts penicillin to an inactive product and thus increases resistance to the antibiotic. A purified preparation from cultures of a strain of Bacillus cereus is used in treatment of reactions to penicillin.
[Multilingual]No:1292 - penis
the male organ of copulation and of urinary excretion, comprising a root, body, and extremity, or glans penis. The root is attached to the descending portions of the pubic bone by the crura, the latter being the extremities of the corpora cavernosa, and beneath them the corpus spongiosum, through which the urethra passes. The glans is covered with mucous membrane and ensheathed by the prepuce, or foreskin. The penis is homologous with the clitoris in the female.
[Multilingual]No:1293 - peptic
(Gr. peptikos) pertaining to pepsin or to digestion; related to the action of gastric juices.
[Multilingual]No:1294 - peptic ulcer
an ulcer in the wall of the stomach or duodenum resulting from the digestive action of the gastric juice on the mucous membrane when the latter is rendered susceptible to its action.
[Multilingual]No:1295 - perception
(L. percipere to take in completely) the conscious mental registration of a sensory stimulus.
[Multilingual]No:1296 - percutaneous
(per- + L. cutis) performed through the skin, as injection of radiopacque material in radiological examination, or the removal of tissue for biopsy accomplished by a needle.
[Multilingual]No:1297 - perennial
(L. perennis, from per through + annus year) lasting through the year of for several years.
[Multilingual]No:1298 - perforation
(L. perforare to pierce through) 1. the act of boring or piercing through a part. 2. a hole made through a part or substance.
[Multilingual]No:1299 - perfusion
1. the act of pouring over or through, especially the passage of a fluid through the vessels of a specific organ. 2. a liquid poured over or through an organ or tissue.

[Dictionary] Go to the next part of the dictionary