English dictionary of medical terms (64)

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[Multilingual]No:1260 - paradoxical
occurring at variance with the normal rule.
[Multilingual]No:1261 - paraesthesia
(para- + Gr. aisthsis perception) morbid or perverted sensation; an abnormal sensation, as burning, prickling, formication, etc.
[Multilingual]No:1262 - parallel
1. pertaining to straight lines or planes that do not intersect. 2. pertaining to electric circuit components connected 'in parallel' so that the current flow divides, each branch passing through one component, and rejoins; applied by extension to any similar parallel circuit, e.g. the systemic circulation to the various organs.
[Multilingual]No:1263 - paralysis
(para- + Gr. lyein to loosen) loss or impairment of motor function in a part due to lesion of the neural or muscular mechanism; also by analogy, impairment of sensory function (sensory paralysis). In addition to the types named below, paralysis is further distinguished as traumatic, syphilitic, toxic, etc., according to its cause; or as obturator, ulnar, etc., according to the nerve part, or muscle specially affected.
[Multilingual]No:1264 - parameter
(para- + meter) a variable whose measure is indicative of a quantity or function that cannot itself be precisely determined by direct methods; e.g., blood pressure and pulse rate are parameters of cardiovascular function, and the level of glucose in blood and urine is a parameter of carbohydrate metabolism.
[Multilingual]No:1265 - paranoia
(Gr. 'madness, delirium, a mind 'beside itself'', from para- + noein to think) a psychotic disorder marked by persistent delusions of persecution or delusional jealousy and behaviour like that of the paranoid personality, such as suspiciousness, mistrust, and combativeness. It differs from paranoid schizophrenia, in which hallucinations or formal thought disorder are present, in that the delusions are logically consistent and that there are no other psychotic features. The designation in DSM III-R is delusional (paranoid) disorders, with five types : persecutory, jealous, erotomanic, somatic, and grandiose.
[Multilingual]No:1266 - paraplegia
(para- + Gr. plg stroke + -ia) paralysis of the legs and lower part of the body.
[Multilingual]No:1267 - parasitic
(Gr. parasitikos) pertaining to, of the nature of, or caused by a parasite.
[Multilingual]No:1268 - parasympathomimetic
(parasympathetic + Gr. mimtikos imitative) 1. producing effects resembling those of stimulation of the parasympathetic nerve supply to a part. 2. an agent that produces effects similar to those produced by stimulation of the parasympathetic nerves. Called also cholinergic.
[Multilingual]No:1269 - parathyroid
(para- + thyroid) 1. situated beside the thyroid gland. 2. one of the parathyroid glands. 3. a sterile preparation of the water-soluble principle(s) of the parathyroid glands, ad-ministered parenterally as an antihypocalcaemic, especially in the treatment of acute hypoparathyroidism with tetany.
[Multilingual]No:1270 - paravenous
beside a vein.
[Multilingual]No:1271 - parenchyma
(Gr. 'anything poured in beside') the essential elements of an organ; used in anatomical nomenclature as a general term to designate the functional elements of an organ, as distinguished from its framework, or stroma.
[Multilingual]No:1272 - parenteral
(para- + Gr. enteron intestine) not through the alimentary canal but rather by injection through some other route, as subcutaneous, intramuscular, intraorbital, intracapsular, intraspinal, intrasternal, intravenous, etc.
[Multilingual]No:1273 - paresis
(Gr. 'relaxation') slight or incomplete paralysis.
[Multilingual]No:1274 - parietal
(L. parietalis) 1. of or pertaining to the walls of a cavity. 2. pertaining to or located near the parietal bone, as the parietal lobe.
[Multilingual]No:1275 - parkinsonism
a group of neurological disorders characterized by hypokinesia, tremor, and muscular rigidity.
[Multilingual]No:1276 - paronychia
(para Gr. onyx nail + -ia) inflammation involving the folds of tissue surrounding the nail. Called also perionychia.
[Multilingual]No:1277 - parotitis
inflammation of the parotid gland. Called also parotiditis.
[Multilingual]No:1278 - paroxysmal
recurring in paroxysms (= spasms or seizures).
[Multilingual]No:1279 - particle
(L. particula, dim. of pars part) a tiny mass of material.

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