English dictionary of medical terms (59)
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- No:1160 - neuronal
pertaining to a neuron or neurons (= conducting cells of the
- No:1161 - neuropathy
a general term denoting functional disturbances and/or pathological
changes in the peripheral nervous system. The etiology may be
known e.g. arsenical n., diabetic n., ischemic n., traumatic n.) or
unknown. Encephalopathy and myelopathy are corresponding terms
relating to involvement of the brain and spinal cord, respectively.
The term is also used to designate noninflammatory lesions in the
peripheral nervous system, in contrast to inflammatory lesions
- No:1162 - neurotic
1. pertaining to or characterized by neurosis. 2. a person
affected with a neurosis.
- No:1163 - neurotoxic
- poisonous or destructive to nerve tissue.
- No:1164 - neurotransmitter
any of a group of substances that are released on excitation from
the axon terminal of a presynaptic neuron of the central or
peripheral nervous system and travel across the synaptic cleft to
either excite or inhibit the target cell. Among the many
substances that have the properties of a neurotransmitter are
acetylcholine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, dopamine, glycine, y-aminobutyrate, glutamic acid,
substance P, enkephalins, endorphins,
- No:1165 - neurovegetative
pertaining to the vegetative (autonomic) nervous system.
- No:1166 - neutralization
an act or process of neutralizing.
- No:1167 - neutropenia
leukopenia in which the decrease in white blood cells is chiefly in
- No:1168 - neutrophil
(of a cell or cell part) having an affinity for neutral dyes.
- No:1169 - nidation
- (L. nidus nest) implantation of the conceptus in the endometrium.
- No:1170 - nil
- No:1171 - nocturia
(L. nox night + Gr. ouron urine + -ia) excessive urination at
- No:1172 - nocturnal
(L. nocturnus) pertaining to, occurring at, or active at night.
- No:1173 - nodose
(L. nodosus) having nodes or projections.
- No:1174 - nonspecific
1. not due to any single known cause, as to a particular pathogen.
2. not directed against a particular agent, but rather having a
general effect, as nonspecific therapy.
- No:1175 - normalization
the process of bringing or restoring to the normal standard.
- No:1176 - normotensive
1. characterized by normal tone, tension, or pressure, as by normal
blood pressure. 2. a person with normal blood pressure.
- No:1177 - nosocomial
(nosa- + Gr. komeion to take care of) pertaining to or originating
in the hospital, said of an infection not present or incubating
prior to admittance to the hospital, but generally occurring 72
hours after admittance; the term is usually used to refer to
patient disease, but hospital personnel may also acquire nosocomial
infection. Cf. iatrogenic.
- No:1178 - nulliparous
having never given birth to a viable infant.
- No:1179 - nummular
(L. nummularis) coin-sized and coin-shaped.
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