English dictionary of medical terms (58)

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[Multilingual]No:1140 - nausea
(L.; Gr. nausia seasickness) an unpleasant sensation, vaguely referred to the epigastrium and abdomen, and often culminating in vomiting.
[Multilingual]No:1141 - necrolysis
(necro- + Gr. lysis dissolution) separation or exfoliation of tissue due to necrosis.
[Multilingual]No:1142 - necrosis
(Gr. nekrosis deadness) the sum of the morphological changes indicative of cell death and caused by the progressive degradative action of enzymes; it may affect groups of cells or part of a structure or an organ.
[Multilingual]No:1143 - negative
not affirming the presence of the organism or condition in question <a negative diagnosis>
[Multilingual]No:1144 - neonatal
(neo- + L. natus born) pertaining to the first four weeks after birth.
[Multilingual]No:1145 - neoplastic
pertaining to or like a neoplasm (= any new and abnormal growth); pertaining to neoplasia (= the formation of a neoplasm).
[Multilingual]No:1146 - nephritis
(Gr. nephros kidney + -itis) inflammation of the kidney; a focal or diffuse proliferative or destructive process which may involve the glomerulus, tubule, or interstitial renal tissue.
[Multilingual]No:1147 - nephrolith
(nephro- + Gr. lithos stone) a renal calculus; gravel in a kidney.
[Multilingual]No:1148 - nephropathy
(nephro- + Gr. pathos disease) disease of the kidneys.
[Multilingual]No:1149 - nephrotic
pertaining to, resembling, or caused by nephrosis.
[Multilingual]No:1150 - nephrotoxic
toxic or destructive to kidney cells.
[Multilingual]No:1151 - nervousness
excessive excitability and irritability, with mental and physical unrest.
[Multilingual]No:1152 - neural
(L. neuralis; Gr. neuron nerve) 1. pertaining to a nerve or to the nerves. 2. situated in the region of the spinal axis, as the neutral arch.
[Multilingual]No:1153 - neuralgia
(neur- + -algia) paroxysmal pain which extends along the course of one or more nerves. Many varieties of neuralgia are distinguished according to the part affected or to the cause, as brachial, facial, occipital, supraorbital, etc., or anaemic, diabetic, gouty, malarial, syphilitic, etc.
[Multilingual]No:1154 - neuritis
(neur- + -itis) inflammation of a nerve, a condition attended by pain and tenderness over the nerves, anaesthesia and paraesthesias, paralysis, wasting, and disappearance of the reflexes. In practice, the term is also used to denote noninflammatory lesions of the peripheral nervous system; see neuropathy.
[Multilingual]No:1155 - neurodermatitis
(neuro- + dermatitis) an extremely variable eczematous dermatosis presumed to be a cutaneous response to prolonged vigorous scratching, rubbing, or pinching to relieve intense pruritus, having the potential to produce polymorphic lesions at the same or different times, and varying in severity, course, and morphologic expression in different individuals. It is believed by some authorities to be a psychogenic disorder. The term is also used to refer to lichen simplex chronicus (circumscribed n.) and sometimes to atopic dermatitis (disseminated n.).
[Multilingual]No:1156 - neuroleptanalgesia
(neuro- + Gr. lpsis a taking hold + analgesia) a state of quiescence, altered awareness, and analgesia produced by the administration of a combination of a narcotic analgesic and a neuroleptic agent.
[Multilingual]No:1157 - neuroleptic
(neuro- + Gr. lpsis a taking hold, a seizure) a term coined to refer to the effects on cognition and behaviour of antipsychotic drugs, which produce a state of apathy, lack of initiative, and limited range of emotion and in psychotic patients cause a reduction in confusion and agitation and normalization of psychomotor activity.
[Multilingual]No:1158 - neurologic
pertaining to neurology or to the nervous system.
[Multilingual]No:1159 - neuromuscular
pertaining to muscles and nerves.

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