English dictionary of medical terms (55)

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[Multilingual]No:1080 - micturition
(L. micturire to urinate) the passage of urine; urination.
[Multilingual]No:1081 - migraine
(Fr., from Gr. hemikrania an affection of half of the head) an often familial symptom complex of periodic attacks of vascular headache, usually temporal and unilateral in onset, commonly associated with irritability, nausea, vomiting, constipation or diarrhoea, and often photophobia; attacks are preceded by constriction of the cranial arteries, usually with resultant prodromal sensory (especially ocular) symptoms, and commence with the vasodilation that follows.
[Multilingual]No:1082 - mime
facial expression. (NOT: mimicry = adaptation for survival in which an organism takes on the semblance another organism or a non-living object.)
[Multilingual]No:1083 - mineralization
the action of mineralizing; the state of being mineralized.
[Multilingual]No:1084 - mineralocorticoid
1. any of the group of C21 corticosteroids, principally aldosterone, predominantly involved in the regulation of electrolyte and water balance through their effect on ion transport in epithelial cells of the renal tubules, resulting in retention of sodium and loss of potassium; some also possess varying degrees of glucocorticoid activity. Their secretion is regulated principally by plasma volume, serum potassium concentration and angiotensin II, and to a lesser extent by anterior pituitary ACTH. 2. of, pertaining to, having the properties of, or resembling a mineralocorticoid.
[Multilingual]No:1085 - minimal
(L. minimus least) smallest or least; the smallest possible.
[Multilingual]No:1086 - minimize
to reduce to the smallest possible number, degree, or extent.
[Multilingual]No:1087 - minimum
(L. 'smallest') the smallest amount or lowest limit.
[Multilingual]No:1088 - miotic
1. pertaining to, characterized by, or producing miosis : contraction of the pupil. 2. an agent that causes the pupil to contract. 3. meiotic : characterized by cell division.
[Multilingual]No:1089 - miscible
susceptible of being mixed.
[Multilingual]No:1090 - mitosis
a method of indirect division of a cell, consisting of a complex of various processes, by means of which the two daughter nuclei normally receive identical complements of the number of chromosomes characteristic of the somatic cells of the species. Mitosis, the process by which the body grows and replaces cells, is divided into four phases. 1. Prophase : formation of paired chromosomes; disappearance of nuclear membrane; appearance of the achromatic spindle; formation of polar bodies. 2. Metaphase : arrangement of chromosomes in the equatorial plane of the central spindle to form the monaster. Chromosomes separate into exactly similar halves. 3. Anaphase : the two groups of daughter chromosomes separate and move along the fibres of the central spindle, each toward one of the asters, forming the diaster. 4. Telophase : the daughter chromosomes resolve themselves into a reticulum and the daughter nuclei are formed; the cytoplasm divides, forming two complete daughter cells. NOTE : the term mitosis is used interchangeably with cell division, but strictly speaking it refers to nuclear division, whereas cytokinesis refers to division of the cytoplasm. In some cells, as in many fungi and the fertilized eggs of many insects, nuclear division occurs within the cell unaccompanied by division of the cytoplasm and formation of daughter cells.
[Multilingual]No:1091 - mobility
(L. mobilitas) capability of movement, of being moved, or of flowing freely.
[Multilingual]No:1092 - mobilization
the process of making a fixed part or stored substance mobile, as by separating a part from surrounding structures to make it accessible for an operative procedure or by causing release into the circulation for body use of a substance stored in the body.
[Multilingual]No:1093 - modify
to change somewhat the form or qualities of; alter partially.
[Multilingual]No:1094 - modulator
a specific inductor that brings out characteristics peculiar to a definite region.
[Multilingual]No:1095 - molecular
of, pertaining to, or composed of molecules : a very small mass of matter.
[Multilingual]No:1096 - monitoring
the process of continually checking, observing, recording or testing the operation of some procedure. Monitoring occurs e.g. during anaesthesia or radiation.
[Multilingual]No:1097 - monocomponent
a drug containing only one significant molecule.
[Multilingual]No:1098 - mononucleosis
the presence of an abnormally large number of mononuclear leucocytes (monocytes) in the blood. The term is often used alone to refer to infectious mononucleosis.
[Multilingual]No:1099 - monotherapy
a therapy which uses only one drug.

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