English dictionary of medical terms (54)

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[Multilingual]No:1060 - mesenteric
(Gr. mesenterikos) pertaining to the mesentery : a membranous fold attaching various organs to the body wall.
[Multilingual]No:1061 - metabolism
(Gr. metaballein to turn about, change, alter) the sum of all the physical and chemical processes by which living organized substance is produced and maintained (anabolism), and also the transformation by which energy is made available for the uses of the organism (catabolism).
[Multilingual]No:1062 - metabolite
any substance produced by metabolism or by a metabolic process.
[Multilingual]No:1063 - metabolization
the chemical process by which matter is broken down into simpler substances, said especially of food processed by the human body.
[Multilingual]No:1064 - metaplasia
(meta- + Gr. plassein to form) the change in the type of adult cells in a tissue to a form which is not formal for that tissue.
[Multilingual]No:1065 - metastasis
(meta- + Gr. stasis stand) 1. the transfer of disease from one organ or part to another not directly connected with it. It may be due either to the transfer of pathogenic microorganisms (e.g., tubercle bacilli) or to transfer of cells, as in malignant tumours. The capacity to metastasize is a characteristic of all malignant tumours. 2. Pl. metastases. A growth of pathogenic microorganisms or of abnormal cells distant from the site primarily involved by the morbid process.
[Multilingual]No:1066 - meteorism
(Gr. meteorizein to raise up) tympanites; the presence of gas in the abdomen or intestine.
[Multilingual]No:1067 - methaemoglobinaemia
(methemoglobin + Gr. haima blood + -ia) the presence of methemoglobin in the blood, resulting in cyanosis. It may be drug-induced or be due to a defect in the enzyme NADH methemoglobin reductase (an autosomal recessive trait) or to an abnormality in haemoglobin M (an autosomal dominant trait).
[Multilingual]No:1068 - metrorrhagia
(metro- + Gr. rhgnynai to burst out) uterine bleeding, usually of normal amount, occurring at completely irregular intervals, the period of flow sometimes being prolonged.
[Multilingual]No:1069 - micelle
a colloid particle formed by an aggregation of small molecules.
[Multilingual]No:1070 - microbiological
pertaining to microbiology : the science that deals with microorganisms, including algae, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and viruses.
[Multilingual]No:1071 - microcirculation
the flow of blood in the entire system of finer vessels (100 microns or less in diameter) of the body (the microvasculature).
[Multilingual]No:1072 - microgram
a unit of mass (weight) of the metric system, being one-millionth of a gram (10-6 gm.) or one one-thousandth of a milligram (10-3 mg.).
[Multilingual]No:1073 - micrography
(micro- + Gr. graphein to write) examination with the microscope.
[Multilingual]No:1074 - micronize
(Gr. micron a small thing) to reduce to a fine powder, to reduce to particles a micron in diameter.
[Multilingual]No:1075 - microorganism
(micro- + organism) a microscopic organism; those of medical interest include bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa.
[Multilingual]No:1076 - microscopic, microscopical
1. of extremely small size; visible only by the aid of the microscope. 2. pertaining or relating to a microscope or to microscopy.
[Multilingual]No:1077 - microsomal
of or pertaining to microsomes : vesicular fragments of endoplasmic reticulum formed after disruption and centrifugation of cells.
[Multilingual]No:1078 - microsporum
(micro + Gr. sporos seed) a genus of small-spored ectothrix ringworm fungi (dermatophytes) of the Fungi Imperfecti, order Moniliales, family Moniliaceae, which cause various diseases of the skin and hair. As the perfect (sexual) stages are identified, they are classified in the genus Nannizzia. Called also microsporon.
[Multilingual]No:1079 - microvillus
a minute process or protrusion from the free surface of a cell.

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