English dictionary of medical terms (45)

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[Multilingual]No:880 - induction
(L. inductio) the act or process of inducing or causing to occur, especially the production of a specific morphogenetic effect in the developing embryo through the influence of evocators or organizers, or the production of anaesthesia or unconsciousness by use of appropriate agents.
[Multilingual]No:881 - induration
(L. induratio) 1. the quality of being hard; the process of hardening. 2. an abnormally hard spot or place.
[Multilingual]No:882 - inertia
inactivity, inability to move spontaneously.
[Multilingual]No:883 - infantile
(L. infantilis) pertaining to an infant or to infancy.
[Multilingual]No:884 - infarction
(L. infarcire to stuff in) 1. the formation of an infarct. 2. an infarct.
[Multilingual]No:885 - infaust
(L. infaustus unlucky) unfavourable.
[Multilingual]No:886 - infection
1. invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues, which may be clinically unapparent or result in local cellular injury due to competitive metabolism, toxins, intracellular replication, or antigen-antibody response. The infection may remain localized, subclinical, and temporary if the body's defensive mechanisms are effective. A local infection may persist and spread by extension to become an acute, subacute, or chronic clinical infection or disease state. A local infection may also become systemic when the microorganisms gain access to the lymphatic or vascular system. 2. an infectious disease.
[Multilingual]No:887 - infiltration
(L. in into + filtration) the diffusion or accumulation in a tissue or cells of substances not normal to it or in amounts of the normal. Also, the material so accumulated.
[Multilingual]No:888 - inflammation
(L. inflammatio; inflammare to set on fire) a localized protective response elicited by injury or destruction of tissues, which serves to destroy, dilute, or wall off (sequester) both the injurious agent and the injured tissue. It is characterized in the acute form by the classical signs of pain (dolour), heat (colour), redness (rubor), swelling (tumour), and loss of function (functio laesa). Histologically, it involves a complex series of events, including dilatation of arterioles, capillaries, and venules, with increased permeability and blood flow; exudation of fluids, including plasma proteins; and leucocytic migration into the inflammatory focus.
[Multilingual]No:889 - influenza
(Ital. 'influenza') an acute viral infection involving the respiratory tract, occurring in isolated cases, in epidemics, or in pandemics striking many continents simultaneously or in sequence. It is marked by inflammation of the nasal mucosa, the pharynx, and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized myalgia. Fever, chills, and prostration are common. Involvement of the myocardium and of the central nervous system occur infrequently. A necrotizing bronchitis and interstitial pneumonia are prominent features of severe influenza and account for the susceptibility of patients to secondary bacterial pneumonia due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Staphylococcus aureus. The incubation period is one to three days and the disease ordinarily lasts for three to ten days. Influenza is caused by a number of serologically distinct strains of virus, designated A (with many subgroups), B, and C. Called also flu and grippe (grip).
[Multilingual]No:890 - infuse
to pour (a liquid) into something.
[Multilingual]No:891 - infusion
the therapeutic introduction of a fluid other than blood, as saline solution, solution, into a vein.
[Multilingual]No:892 - ingestion
the act of taking food, medicines, etc., into the body, by mouth.
[Multilingual]No:893 - inguinal
(L. inguinalis) pertaining to the inguen, or groin.
[Multilingual]No:894 - inhalation
(L. inhalatio) the drawing of air or other substances into the lungs.
[Multilingual]No:895 - inherent
(L. inhaerens sticking fast) implanted by nature; intrinsic; innate.
[Multilingual]No:896 - inhibition
(L. inhibre to restrain, from in in + habre to hold) arrest or restraint of a process.
[Multilingual]No:897 - initial
(L. initialis from initium beginning) pertaining to the very first stage of any process.
[Multilingual]No:898 - injection
(L. injectio, from inicere to throw into) the act of forcing a liquid into a part, as into the subcutaneous tissues, the vascular tree, or an organ. Cf. infusion.
[Multilingual]No:899 - innervation
(L. in into + nervus nerve) 1. the distribution or supply of nerves to a part. 2. the supply of nervous energy or of nerve stimulus sent to a part.

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