English dictionary of medical terms (43)
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- No:840 - iatrogenic
(iatro- + Gr. gennan to produce) resulting from the activity of
physicians. Originally applied to disorders induced in the patient
by autosuggestion based on the physician's examination, manner, or
discussion, the term is now applied to any adverse condition in a
patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician or
surgeon, especially to infections acquired by the patient during
the course of treatment. Cf. nosocomial.
- No:841 - ichthyosis
(ichthy- + -osis) a group of cutaneous disorders characterized by
increased or aberrant keratinization, resulting in noninflammatory
scaling of the skin. Many different metaphors have been used to
describe the appearance and texture of the skin in the various
types and stages of ichthyosis, e.g. alligator, collodion,
crocodile, fish, and porcupine skin. Most ichthyoses are
genetically determined, while some may be acquired and develop in
association with various systemic diseases or be a prominent
feature in certain genetic syndromes. The term is commonly used
alone to refer to i. vulgaris.
- No:842 - icterus
(L.; Gr. ikteros) jaundice.
- No:843 - identical
having the same cause or origin.
- No:844 - identification
an unconscious defense mechanism by which a person patterns himself
after another person.
- No:845 - idiopathic
of the nature of an idiopathy; self-originated; of unknown
- No:846 - idiosyncrasy
(idio- + Gr. synkrasis mixture) an abnormal susceptibility to some
drug, protein, or other agent which is peculiar to the individual.
- No:847 - ileitis
inflammation of the ileum.
- No:848 - ileus
(L.; Gr. eileos, from eilein to roll up) obstruction of the
- No:849 - immaturity
the state or quality of being unripe or not fully developed.
- No:850 - immobilization
the act of rendering immovable, as by a cast or splint.
- No:851 - immune
(L. immunis free, exempt) protected against, infectious disease by
either specific or nonspecific mechanisms.
- No:852 - immunity
(L. immunitas) the condition of being immune; the protection
against infectious disease conferred either by the immune response
generated by immunization or previous infection or by other
nonimmunologic factors (innate i.).
- No:853 - immunization
the induction of immunity.
- No:854 - immunogenic
producing immunity; evoking an immune response.
- No:855 - immunologic, immunological
pertaining to immunology.
- No:856 - immunosuppressant
an agent capable of suppressing immune responses.
- No:857 - impetigo
a contagious pyoderma caused by direct inoculation of group A
streptococci or Staphylococcus aureus into superficial cutaneous
abrasions or compromised skin, most commonly seen in children,
usually located on the face, especially about the nose and mouth,
and characterized by the presence of discrete fragile vesicles
surrounded by an erythematous border that become pustular and
rupture to discharge a thin, amber-coloured seropurulent fluid that
dries and forms a thick yellowish crust; the pustules may spread
peripherally with central healing, evolving into annular,
circinate, or gyrate patterns; Called also i. contagiosa, i.
vulgaris and streptococcal i.
- No:858 - implantation
(L. in into + plantare to set) the insertion or grafting into the
body of biological, living, inert, or radioactive material.
- No:859 - implication
a possible later effect of an action.
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