English dictionary of medical terms (30)

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[Multilingual]No:580 - endocarditis
exudative and proliferative inflammatory alterations of the endocardium, characterized by the presence of vegetations on the surface of the endocardium or in the endocardium itself, and most commonly involving a heart valve, but sometimes affecting the inner lining of the cardiac chambers or the endocardium elsewhere. It may occur as a primary disorder or as a complication of or in association with another disease.
[Multilingual]No:581 - endocrine
(endo- + Gr. krinein to separate) pertaining to internal secretions; hormonal. Cf. exocrine.
[Multilingual]No:582 - endogenous
(endo- + Gr. gennan to produce) developing or originating within the organisms or arising from causes within the organism.
[Multilingual]No:583 - endometriosis
(endometrium + -osis) a condition in which tissue more or less perfectly resembling the uterine mucous membrane (the endometrium) and containing typical endometrial granular and stromal elements occurs aberrantly in various locations in the pelvic cavity; called also adenomyosis externa and endometriosis externa.
[Multilingual]No:584 - endoscopy
visual inspection of any cavity of the body by means of an endoscope.
[Multilingual]No:585 - endothelium
(endo- + Gr. thl nipple) (NA) the layer of epithelial cells that lines the cavities of the heart and of the blood and lymph vessels, and the serous cavities of the body, originating from the mesoderm.
[Multilingual]No:586 - endotoxic
of, relating to, or acting as an endotoxin (= a heat-stable toxin, associated with the outer membranes of certain gram-negative bacteria. Endotoxins are not secreted and are released only when the cells are disrupted).
[Multilingual]No:587 - enema
a clyster or injection; a liquid injected or to be injected into the rectum.
[Multilingual]No:588 - energetic
exhibiting energy : strenuous; operating with force, vigour, or effect.
[Multilingual]No:589 - enteric-coated
a term designating a special coating applied to tablets or capsules which prevents release and absorption of their contents until they reach the intestines.
[Multilingual]No:590 - enteritis
(enter- + -itis) inflammation of the intestine, applied chiefly to inflammation of the small intestine; see also enterocolitis.
[Multilingual]No:591 - enterocolitis
(entero- + colitis) inflammation involving both the small intestine and the colon; see also enteritis.
[Multilingual]No:592 - enterohepatic
of or involving the intestine and liver.
[Multilingual]No:593 - enuresis
(Gr. enourein to void urine) involuntary discharge of urine after the age at which urinary control should have been achieved; often used alone with specific reference to involuntary discharge of urine occurring during sleep at night (bed-wetting, nocturnal enuresis).
[Multilingual]No:594 - environment
(Fr. environner to surround, to encircle) the sum total of all the conditions and elements which make up the surroundings and influence the development and actions of an individual.
[Multilingual]No:595 - enzyme
(Gr. en in + zyme leaven) a protein molecule that catalyses chemical reactions of other substances without itself being destroyed or altered upon completion of the reactions. Enzymes are classified according to the recommendations of the Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry. Each enzyme is assigned a recommended name and an Enzyme Commission (EC) number. They are divided into six main groups; oxidoreductases, transferases, hydrolases, lyases, isomerases, and ligases.
[Multilingual]No:596 - eosinophilia
(eosin + Gr. philein to love) the formation and accumulation of an abnormally large number of eosinophils in the blood.
[Multilingual]No:597 - epicondylitis
inflammation of the epicondyle or of the tissues adjoining the epicondyle of the humerus.
[Multilingual]No:598 - epidemic
(Gr. epidmios prevalent) occurring suddenly in numbers clearly in excess of normal expectancy; said especially of infectious diseases but applied also to any disease, injury, or other health-related event occurring in such outbreaks. Cf. endemic and sporadic.
[Multilingual]No:599 - epidemiological
relating to, or involving epidemiology.

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