English dictionary of medical terms (21)

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[Multilingual]No:400 - contusion
(L. contusio, from contundere to bruise) a bruise; an injury of a part without a break in the skin.
[Multilingual]No:401 - convalescence
(L. convalescere to become strong) the stage of recovery following an attack of disease, a surgical operation, or an injury.
[Multilingual]No:402 - conventional
following what is traditional or customary.
[Multilingual]No:403 - conversion
(L. con with + versio turning) 1. an unconscious defense mechanism by which the anxiety that stems from intrapsychic conflict is converted and expressed in a symbolic somatic.
[Multilingual]No:404 - convulsion
(L. convulsio, from convellere to pull together) a violent involuntary contraction or series of contractions of the voluntary muscles.
[Multilingual]No:405 - coordination
the harmonious functioning of interrelated organs and parts; applied especially to the process of the motor apparatus of the brain which provides for the co-working of particular groups of muscles for the performance of definite adaptive useful responses.
[Multilingual]No:406 - cornea
(L. corneus horny) (NA) the transparent structure forming the anterior part of the fibrous tunic of the eye. It consists of five layers : (1) the anterior corneal epithelium, continuous with that of the conjunctiva, (2) the anterior limiting layer (Bowman's membrane), (3) the substantia propria, or stroma, (4) the posterior limiting layer (Descemet's membrane), and (5) the endothelium of the anterior chamber, called also keratoderma.
[Multilingual]No:407 - coronary
(L. corona; Gr. koron) encircling in the manner of a crown; a term applied to vessels; nerves, ligaments, etc. The term usually denotes the arteries that supply the heart muscle and, by extension, a pathologic involvement of them.
[Multilingual]No:408 - cor
(L. cordis) (NA) the muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood. c. adiposum a heart that has undergone fatty degeneration or that has an accumulation of fat around it; called also fat or fatty, heart. c. arteriosum the left side of the heart, so called because it contains oxygenated (arterial) blood. c. biloculare a congenital anomaly characterized by failure of formation of the atrial and ventricular septums, the heart having only two chambers, a single atrium and a single ventricle, and a common atrioventricular valve. c. bovinum (L. 'ox heart') a greatly enlarged heart due to a hypertrophied left ventricle; called also c. taurinum and bucardia. c. dextrum (L. 'right heart') the right atrium and ventricle. c. hirsutum, c. villosum. c. mobile (obs.) an abnormally movable heart. c. pendulum a heart so movable that it seems to be hanging by the great blood vessels. c. pseudotriloculare biatriatum a congenital cardiac anomaly in which the heart functions as a three-chambered heart because of tricuspid atresia, the right ventricle being extremely small or rudimentary and the right atrium greatly dilated. Blood passes from the right to the left atrium and thence disease due to pulmonary hypertension secondary to disease of the lung, or its blood vessels, with hypertrophy of the right ventricle.
[Multilingual]No:409 - corpus luteum
(L. 'yellow body') (NA), a yellow glandular mass in the ovary formed by an ovarian follicle that has matured and discharged its ovum; if the ovum has been impregnated, the corpus luteum increases in size and persists for several months (true c. luteum, c. luteum of pregnancy, c. luteum graviditatis); if impregnation has not taken place, the corpus luteum degenerates and shrinks (false c. luteum, c. luteum of menstruation, c. luteum menstruationis). The corpus luteum secretes progesterone. Called also yellow body of ovary.
[Multilingual]No:410 - correction
(L. correctio straightening out; amendment) a setting right, as the provision of specific lenses for the improvement of vision, or an arbitrary adjustment made in values or devices in performance of experimental procedures.
[Multilingual]No:411 - correlation
most generally, the degree to which one phenomenon or random variable is associated with or can be predicted from another. In statistics, correlation usually refers to the degree to which a linear predictive relationship exists between random variables, as measured by a correlation coefficient (q.v.). Correlation may be positive, i.e., both variables increase or decrease together, or negative or inverse, i.e., one variable increases when the other decreases.
[Multilingual]No:412 - correspond
to be in conformity a agreement : suit, agree; to be equivalent, to be parallel.
[Multilingual]No:413 - cortex
(L. 'bark, rind, shell') (NA) the outer layer of an organ or other body structure, as distinguished from the internal substance.
[Multilingual]No:414 - cortical
(L. corticalis) pertaining to or of the nature of a cortex or bark.
[Multilingual]No:415 - corticosteroid
any of the steroids elaborated by the adrenal cortex (excluding the sex hormones of adrenal origin) in response to the release of corticotrophin (adrenocorticotropic hormone) by the pituitary gland, to any of the synthetic equivalents of these steroids, or to angiotensin II. They are divided, according to their predominant biological activity, into three major groups: glucocorticoids, chiefly influencing carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism; mineralocorticoids, affecting the regulation of electrolyte and water balance; and C19 androgens. Some corticosteroids exhibit both types of activity in varying degrees, and others exert only one type of effect. The corticosteroids are used clinically for hormonal replacement therapy, for suppression of ACTH secretion by the anterior pituitary, as antineoplastic, antiallergic, and anti-inflammatory agents, and to suppress the immune response. Called also adrenocortical hormone and corticoid.
[Multilingual]No:416 - cosmetic
(Gr. kosmtikos a beautifying substance or preparation.
[Multilingual]No:417 - coxalgia
(L. coxa hip + -algia) 1. hip-joint disease. 2. pain in the hip.
[Multilingual]No:418 - cranial
(L. cranialis) pertaining to the cranium, or to the anterior (in animals) or superior (in humans) end of the body.
[Multilingual]No:419 - creatinaemia
(creatin +Gr. haima blood + -ia) excess of creatine in the blood.

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