English dictionary of medical terms (20)
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- No:380 - confusion
disturbed orientation in regard to time, place, or person,
sometimes accompanied by disordered consciousness.
- No:381 - congenital
(L. congenitus born together) existing at, and usually before;
birth; referring to conditions that are present at birth,
regardless of their causation.
- No:382 - congestion
(L. congestio, from congerere to heap together) excessive or
abnormal accumulation of blood in a part.
- No:383 - conjugated
acting or operating as if joined; simultaneous.
- No:384 - conjugation
(L. conjugatio a blending) 1. the act of joining together or the
state of being conjugated. 2. a sexual process seen in bacteria,
ciliate protozoa, and certain fungi in which nuclear material is
exchanged during the temporary fusion of two cells (conjugants).
In bacterial genetics a form of sexual reproduction in which a
donor bacterium (male) contributes some, or all, of its DNA (in the
form of a replicated set) to a recipient (female) which then
incorporates differing genetic information into its own chromosome
by recombination and passes the recombined set on to its progeny by
replication. In ciliate protozoa, two conjugants of separate
mating types exchange micronuclear material and then separate,
each now being a fertilized cell. In certain fungi, the process
involves fusion of two gametes, resulting in union of their nuclei
and formation of a zygote. 3. in chemistry, the joining together
of two compounds to produce another compound, such as the
combination of a toxic product with some substance in the body to
form a detoxified product, which is then eliminated.
- No:385 - conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva, generally consisting of
conjunctival hyperaemia associated with a discharge.
- No:386 - conservative
(L. conservare to preserve) designed to preserve health, restore
function, and repair structures by nonradical methods, as
- No:387 - conserve
to keep in a safe or sound state, preserve from change or
- No:388 - constipation
(L. constipatio a crowding together) infrequent or difficult
evacuation of the faeces.
- No:389 - constitutional
1. affecting the whole constitution of the body; not local. 2.
pertaining to the constitution.
- No:390 - contact
(L. contactus a touching together) a mutual touching of two bodies
- No:391 - contamination
(L. contaminatio from con together + tangere to touch) the soiling
or pollution by inferior material, as by the introduction of
organisms into a wound, or sewage into a stream.
- No:392 - continuous
(L. continuus) not interrupted; having no interruption.
- No:393 - contraception
the prevention of conception or impregnation.
- No:394 - contraceptive
an agent that diminishes the likelihood of or prevents conception.
- No:395 - contractility
capacity for becoming short in response to a suitable stimulus.
- No:396 - contraction
(L. contractus drawn together) a shortening or reduction in size;
in connection with muscles contraction implies shortening and/or
development of tension.
- No:397 - contracture
(L. contractura) a condition of fixed high resistance to passive
stretch of a muscle, resulting from fibrosis of the tissues
supporting the muscles or the joints, or from disorders of the
- No:398 - contraindication
any condition, especially any condition of disease, which renders
some particular line of treatment improper or undesirable.
- No:399 - contrast medium
a substance that is introduced into or around a structure and,
because of the difference in absorption of x-rays by the contrast
medium and the surrounding tissues, allows radiographic
visualization of the structure.
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