English dictionary of medical terms (14)
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- No:260 - bronchoconstriction
the act or process of decreasing the calibre of a bronchus;
- No:261 - bronchodilatation
a dilated state of a bronchus or the site at which a bronchus is
- No:262 - bronchopneumonia
(bronchus + pneumonia) a name given to an inflammation of the lungs
which usually begins in the terminal bronchioles. These become
clogged with a mucopurulent exudate forming consolidated patches in
adjacent lobules. The disease is frequently secondary in
character, following infections of the upper respiratory tract,
specific infectious fevers, and debilitating diseases. In infants
and debilitated persons of any age it may occur as a primary
affection. Called also bronchial pneumonia, bronchiolitis,
bronchoalveolitis, bronchopneumonitis, catarrhal pneumonia, lobular
pneumonia, capillary bronchitis and vesicular bronchiolitis.
- No:263 - bronchopulmonary
pertaining to the lungs and their air passages; both bronchial and
- No:264 - bronchospasm
spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi, as
occurs in asthma.
- No:265 - bronchus
(L.; Gr. bronchos windpipe) any of the larger air passages of the
lungs, having an outer fibrous coat with irregularly placed plates
of hyaline cartilage, an interlacing network of smooth muscle, and
a mucous membrane of columnar ciliated epithelial cells.
- No:266 - buccal
(L. buccalis, from bucca cheek) pertaining to or directed toward
the cheek. In dental anatomy, used to refer to the buccal surface
of a tooth.
- No:267 - buccopharyngeal
pertaining to the mouth and pharynx.
- No:268 - bulbar
pertaining to a bulb; pertaining to or involving the medulla
oblongata, as bulbar paralysis.
- No:269 - bullous
pertaining to or characterized by bullae.
- No:270 - bursitis
inflammation of a bursa, occasionally accompanied by a calcific
deposit in the underlying supraspinatus tendon; the most common
site is the subdeltoid bursa.
- No:271 - cachexia
(cac- + Gr. hexis habit + -ia) a profound and marked state of
constitutional disorder; general ill health and malnutrition.
- No:272 - calcaemia
(calcium + Gr. haima blood + -ia) hypercalcaemia, an excess of
calcium in the blood; manifestations include fatigability, muscle
weakness, depression, anorexia, nausea, and constipation.
- No:273 - calcification
(calcium + L. facere to make) the process by which organic tissue
becomes hardened by a deposit of calcium salts within its
- No:274 - calciuria
the presence of calcium in the urine.
- No:275 - calculus I
(L. 'pebble') an abnormal concretion occurring within the animal
body and usually composed of mineral salts.
- No:276 - calculus II
also called tartar. Dentistry a hard, yellowish to brownish-black
deposit or teeth formed largely through the mineralization of dead
bacteria in dental plaques by the calcium salts in salivary
secretions and subgingival transudates.
- No:277 - candidiasis
infection with a fungus of the genus Candida. It is usually a
superficial infection of the moist cutaneous areas of the body, and
is generally caused by C. albicans; it most commonly involves the
skin (dermatocandidiasis), oral mucous membranes (thrush, def. 1),
respiratory tract (bronchocandidiasis), and vagina (vaginitis).
Rarely there is a systemic infection or endocarditis. Called also
moniliasis, candidosis, oidiomycosis, and formerly
- No:278 - cannula
(L. dim. of canna 'reed') a tube for insertion into a duct or
cavity; during insertion its lumen is usually occupied by a trocar.
- No:279 - capacity
(L. capacitas, from capere to take) power or ability to hold,
retain, or contain, or the ability to absorb.
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