English dictionary of medical terms (07)

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[Multilinguale]No:120 - antiacid
an agent that counteracts or neutralizes acidity (as an alkali or absorbent).
[Multilinguale]No:121 - antiallergic
counteracting allergy or allergic conditions.
[Multilinguale]No:122 - antianginal
counteracting angina or anginal conditions.
[Multilinguale]No:123 - antiarrhythmic
an agent that prevents or alleviates cardiac arrhythmia.
[Multilinguale]No:124 - antiasthmatic
an agent that relieves the spasm of asthma.
[Multilinguale]No:125 - antibacterial
a substance that destroys bacteria or suppresses their growth or reproduction.
[Multilinguale]No:126 - antibiogram
an examination that measures the biological resistance of substances causing disease; performed prior to chemotherapy so as to make it more efficient.
[Multilinguale]No:127 - antibiotherapy
a therapy that uses antibiotics to treat infections.
[Multilinguale]No:128 - antibiotic
(anti- + Gr. bios life) a chemical substance produced by a microorganism which has the capacity, in dilute solutions, to inhibit the growth of or to kill other microorganisms. Antibiotics that are sufficiently nontoxic to the host are used as chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of infectious diseases of man, animals and plants.
[Multilinguale]No:129 - antibody
an immunoglobulin molecule that has a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which it interacts only with the antigen that induced its synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially plasma cells), or with antigen closely related to it. Antibodies are classified according to their ode of action as agglutinins, bacteriolysins, haemolysins, opsonins, precipitins, etc.
[Multilinguale]No:130 - anticholinergic
(anti- + cholinergic) an agent that blocks the parasympathetic nerves. Called also parasympatholytic.
[Multilinguale]No:131 - anticoagulant
any substance that prevents blood clotting. Those administered for prophylaxis or treatment of thromboembolic disorders are heparin, which inactivates thrombin and several other clotting factors and which must be administered parenterally, and the oral anticoagulants (warfarin, dicumarol, and congeners) which inhibit the hepatic synthesis of vitamin K-dependent clotting factors. Anticoagulant solutions used for the preservation of stored whole blood and blood fractions are acid citrate dextrose (ACD), citrate phosphate dextrose (CPD), citrate phosphate dextrose-adenine (cPDA-1) and heparin. Anticoagulants used to prevent clotting of blood specimens for laboratory analysis are heparin and several substances that make calcium ions unavailable to the clotting process, including EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid), citrate, oxalate, and fluoride.
[Multilinguale]No:132 - anticonvulsant
an agent that prevents or relieves convulsions.
[Multilinguale]No:133 - antidepressant
an agent that stimulates the mood of a depressed patient, including tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine oxidase inhibitors.
[Multilinguale]No:134 - antidiabetic
an agent that prevents or alleviates diabetes.
[Multilinguale]No:135 - antidiuretic
suppressing the rate of urine formation.
[Multilinguale]No:136 - antidopaminergic
preventing or counteracting (the effects of) dopamine.
[Multilinguale]No:137 - antidote
(L. antidotum, from Gr. anti against + didonai to give) a remedy for counteracting a poison.
[Multilinguale]No:138 - antiemetic
(anti + Gr. emetikos inclined to vomit) an agent that prevents or alleviates nausea and vomiting. Also antinauseant.
[Multilinguale]No:139 - antiepileptic
an agent that combats epilepsy.

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