English dictionary of medical terms (58)
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- No:1140 - nausea
(L.; Gr. nausia seasickness) an unpleasant sensation, vaguely
referred to the epigastrium and abdomen, and often culminating in
- No:1141 - necrolysis
(necro- + Gr. lysis dissolution) separation or exfoliation of
tissue due to necrosis.
- No:1142 - necrosis
(Gr. nekrosis deadness) the sum of the morphological changes
indicative of cell death and caused by the progressive degradative
action of enzymes; it may affect groups of cells or part of a
structure or an organ.
- No:1143 - negative
not affirming the presence of the organism or condition in question
<a negative diagnosis>
- No:1144 - neonatal
(neo- + L. natus born) pertaining to the first four weeks after
- No:1145 - neoplastic
pertaining to or like a neoplasm (= any new and abnormal growth);
pertaining to neoplasia (= the formation of a neoplasm).
- No:1146 - nephritis
(Gr. nephros kidney + -itis) inflammation of the kidney; a focal or
diffuse proliferative or destructive process which may involve the
glomerulus, tubule, or interstitial renal tissue.
- No:1147 - nephrolith
(nephro- + Gr. lithos stone) a renal calculus; gravel in a kidney.
- No:1148 - nephropathy
(nephro- + Gr. pathos disease) disease of the kidneys.
- No:1149 - nephrotic
pertaining to, resembling, or caused by nephrosis.
- No:1150 - nephrotoxic
toxic or destructive to kidney cells.
- No:1151 - nervousness
excessive excitability and irritability, with mental and physical
- No:1152 - neural
(L. neuralis; Gr. neuron nerve) 1. pertaining to a nerve or to the
nerves. 2. situated in the region of the spinal axis, as the
- No:1153 - neuralgia
(neur- + -algia) paroxysmal pain which extends along the course of
one or more nerves. Many varieties of neuralgia are distinguished
according to the part affected or to the cause, as brachial,
facial, occipital, supraorbital, etc., or anaemic, diabetic, gouty,
malarial, syphilitic, etc.
- No:1154 - neuritis
(neur- + -itis) inflammation of a nerve, a condition attended by
pain and tenderness over the nerves, anaesthesia and paraesthesias,
paralysis, wasting, and disappearance of the reflexes. In
practice, the term is also used to denote noninflammatory lesions
of the peripheral nervous system; see neuropathy.
- No:1155 - neurodermatitis
(neuro- + dermatitis) an extremely variable eczematous dermatosis
presumed to be a cutaneous response to prolonged vigorous
scratching, rubbing, or pinching to relieve intense pruritus,
having the potential to produce polymorphic lesions at the same or
different times, and varying in severity, course, and morphologic
expression in different individuals. It is believed by some
authorities to be a psychogenic disorder. The term is also used to
refer to lichen simplex chronicus (circumscribed n.) and sometimes
to atopic dermatitis (disseminated n.).
- No:1156 - neuroleptanalgesia
(neuro- + Gr. lpsis a taking hold + analgesia) a state of
quiescence, altered awareness, and analgesia produced by the
administration of a combination of a narcotic analgesic and a
- No:1157 - neuroleptic
(neuro- + Gr. lpsis a taking hold, a seizure) a term coined to
refer to the effects on cognition and behaviour of antipsychotic
drugs, which produce a state of apathy, lack of initiative, and
limited range of emotion and in psychotic patients cause a
reduction in confusion and agitation and normalization of
- No:1158 - neurologic
pertaining to neurology or to the nervous system.
- No:1159 - neuromuscular
pertaining to muscles and nerves.
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