English dictionary of medical terms (55)
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- No:1080 - micturition
(L. micturire to urinate) the passage of urine; urination.
- No:1081 - migraine
(Fr., from Gr. hemikrania an affection of half of the head) an
often familial symptom complex of periodic attacks of vascular
headache, usually temporal and unilateral in onset, commonly
associated with irritability, nausea, vomiting, constipation or
diarrhoea, and often photophobia; attacks are preceded by
constriction of the cranial arteries, usually with resultant
prodromal sensory (especially ocular) symptoms, and commence with
the vasodilation that follows.
- No:1082 - mime
facial expression. (NOT: mimicry = adaptation for survival in which
an organism takes on the semblance another organism or a non-living
- No:1083 - mineralization
- the action of mineralizing; the state of being mineralized.
- No:1084 - mineralocorticoid
1. any of the group of C21 corticosteroids, principally
aldosterone, predominantly involved in the regulation of
electrolyte and water balance through their effect on ion transport
in epithelial cells of the renal tubules, resulting in retention of
sodium and loss of potassium; some also possess varying degrees of
glucocorticoid activity. Their secretion is regulated principally
by plasma volume, serum potassium concentration and angiotensin
II, and to a lesser extent by anterior pituitary ACTH. 2. of,
pertaining to, having the properties of, or resembling a
- No:1085 - minimal
(L. minimus least) smallest or least; the smallest possible.
- No:1086 - minimize
to reduce to the smallest possible number, degree, or extent.
- No:1087 - minimum
(L. 'smallest') the smallest amount or lowest limit.
- No:1088 - miotic
1. pertaining to, characterized by, or producing miosis :
contraction of the pupil. 2. an agent that causes the pupil to
contract. 3. meiotic : characterized by cell division.
- No:1089 - miscible
susceptible of being mixed.
- No:1090 - mitosis
a method of indirect division of a cell, consisting of a complex of
various processes, by means of which the two daughter nuclei
normally receive identical complements of the number of chromosomes
characteristic of the somatic cells of the species. Mitosis, the
process by which the body grows and replaces cells, is divided into
four phases. 1. Prophase : formation of paired chromosomes;
disappearance of nuclear membrane; appearance of the achromatic
spindle; formation of polar bodies. 2. Metaphase : arrangement of
chromosomes in the equatorial plane of the central spindle to form
the monaster. Chromosomes separate into exactly similar halves.
3. Anaphase : the two groups of daughter chromosomes separate and
move along the fibres of the central spindle, each toward one of
the asters, forming the diaster. 4. Telophase : the daughter
chromosomes resolve themselves into a reticulum and the daughter
nuclei are formed; the cytoplasm divides, forming two complete
daughter cells. NOTE : the term mitosis is used interchangeably
with cell division, but strictly speaking it refers to nuclear
division, whereas cytokinesis refers to division of the cytoplasm.
In some cells, as in many fungi and the fertilized eggs of many
insects, nuclear division occurs within the cell unaccompanied by
division of the cytoplasm and formation of daughter cells.
- No:1091 - mobility
(L. mobilitas) capability of movement, of being moved, or of
- No:1092 - mobilization
the process of making a fixed part or stored substance mobile, as
by separating a part from surrounding structures to make it
accessible for an operative procedure or by causing release into
the circulation for body use of a substance stored in the body.
- No:1093 - modify
to change somewhat the form or qualities of; alter partially.
- No:1094 - modulator
a specific inductor that brings out characteristics peculiar to a
- No:1095 - molecular
of, pertaining to, or composed of molecules : a very small mass of
- No:1096 - monitoring
the process of continually checking, observing, recording or
testing the operation of some procedure. Monitoring occurs e.g.
during anaesthesia or radiation.
- No:1097 - monocomponent
a drug containing only one significant molecule.
- No:1098 - mononucleosis
the presence of an abnormally large number of mononuclear
leucocytes (monocytes) in the blood. The term is often used alone
to refer to infectious mononucleosis.
- No:1099 - monotherapy
a therapy which uses only one drug.
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