English dictionary of medical terms (45)
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- No:880 - induction
(L. inductio) the act or process of inducing or causing to occur,
especially the production of a specific morphogenetic effect in the
developing embryo through the influence of evocators or organizers,
or the production of anaesthesia or unconsciousness by use of
- No:881 - induration
(L. induratio) 1. the quality of being hard; the process of
hardening. 2. an abnormally hard spot or place.
- No:882 - inertia
inactivity, inability to move spontaneously.
- No:883 - infantile
(L. infantilis) pertaining to an infant or to infancy.
- No:884 - infarction
(L. infarcire to stuff in) 1. the formation of an infarct. 2. an
- No:885 - infaust
(L. infaustus unlucky) unfavourable.
- No:886 - infection
1. invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues,
which may be clinically unapparent or result in local cellular
injury due to competitive metabolism, toxins, intracellular
replication, or antigen-antibody response. The infection may
remain localized, subclinical, and temporary if the body's
defensive mechanisms are effective. A local infection may persist
and spread by extension to become an acute, subacute, or chronic
clinical infection or disease state. A local infection may also
become systemic when the microorganisms gain access to the
lymphatic or vascular system. 2. an infectious disease.
- No:887 - infiltration
(L. in into + filtration) the diffusion or accumulation in a tissue
or cells of substances not normal to it or in amounts of the
normal. Also, the material so accumulated.
- No:888 - inflammation
(L. inflammatio; inflammare to set on fire) a localized protective
response elicited by injury or destruction of tissues, which serves
to destroy, dilute, or wall off (sequester) both the injurious
agent and the injured tissue. It is characterized in the acute
form by the classical signs of pain (dolour), heat (colour),
redness (rubor), swelling (tumour), and loss of function (functio
laesa). Histologically, it involves a complex series of events,
including dilatation of arterioles, capillaries, and venules, with
increased permeability and blood flow; exudation of fluids,
including plasma proteins; and leucocytic migration into the
- No:889 - influenza
(Ital. 'influenza') an acute viral infection involving the
respiratory tract, occurring in isolated cases, in epidemics, or in
pandemics striking many continents simultaneously or in sequence.
It is marked by inflammation of the nasal mucosa, the pharynx, and
conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized myalgia.
Fever, chills, and prostration are common. Involvement of the
myocardium and of the central nervous system occur infrequently.
A necrotizing bronchitis and interstitial pneumonia are prominent
features of severe influenza and account for the susceptibility of
patients to secondary bacterial pneumonia due to Streptococcus
pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Staphylococcus aureus. The
incubation period is one to three days and the disease ordinarily
lasts for three to ten days. Influenza is caused by a number of
serologically distinct strains of virus, designated A (with many
subgroups), B, and C. Called also flu and grippe (grip).
- No:890 - infuse
to pour (a liquid) into something.
- No:891 - infusion
the therapeutic introduction of a fluid other than blood, as saline
solution, solution, into a vein.
- No:892 - ingestion
the act of taking food, medicines, etc., into the body, by mouth.
- No:893 - inguinal
(L. inguinalis) pertaining to the inguen, or groin.
- No:894 - inhalation
(L. inhalatio) the drawing of air or other substances into the
- No:895 - inherent
(L. inhaerens sticking fast) implanted by nature; intrinsic;
- No:896 - inhibition
(L. inhibre to restrain, from in in + habre to hold) arrest or
restraint of a process.
- No:897 - initial
(L. initialis from initium beginning) pertaining to the very first
stage of any process.
- No:898 - injection
(L. injectio, from inicere to throw into) the act of forcing a
liquid into a part, as into the subcutaneous tissues, the vascular
tree, or an organ. Cf. infusion.
- No:899 - innervation
(L. in into + nervus nerve) 1. the distribution or supply of nerves
to a part. 2. the supply of nervous energy or of nerve stimulus
sent to a part.
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