Jan De Houwer

Mailing address: Jan De Houwer
Ghent University
Henri Dunantlaan 2
B-9000 Ghent
Belgium
Phone: 0032 9 264 64 45
Fax: 0032 9 264 64 89
E-mail: Jan.DeHouwer@UGent.be
 


SHORT CV

I received my Master and PhD degree in Psychology from the University of Leuven (Belgium). In 1998, I accepted a position as Lecturer at Southampton University. After three years, I returned to Belgium to become Senior Lecturer at Ghent University where I became Professor in 2004.

My research concerns the manner in which spontaneous (automatic) preferences are learned and can be measured. Regarding the learning of preferences, I focus on the role of stimulus pairings (associative learning) and instructions about stimulus pairings. With regard to the measurement of preferences, I developed new reaction time measures and examined the processes underlying various measures. In 2008, I received a 7 year Methusalem grant to continue my research on these topics (see http://www.liplab.ugent.be/methusalem ). Other research interests include associative learning, stimulus-response compatibility, and attentional bias.

I (co-)authored more than 190 publications in international journals including Psychological Bulletin, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, and Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Between 2007 and 2012, I was acting co-editor of the journal “Cognition and Emotion”. I am currently a member of the editorial board of several journals including “Journal of Experimental Psychology: General” and “Psychological Bulletin”.

I am head of the research group “Learning and Implicit Processes” at Ghent University. For more info about my research team see http://www.liplab.ugent.be/

 

CONTENT OF SITE:

In press paper + download preprints / chapters

Main research topics + download main publications

Teaching and admin

Editorial Duties

Short Curriculum Vitae

 

Download full CV here (last update 29 December 2013) including a reference to all my publications.

 

For reprints:

Some papers (chapters and difficult to locate papers) can be found below

Most of my papers are available at the following webpage: www.liplab.ugent.be (password is “implicit”) and at my ResearchGate page ( https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jan_De_Houwer/ )

If you have problems locating papers, please email me at :  Jan.DeHouwer@UGent.be


Research


In Press papers + Download preprints / chapters

Bossuyt, E., Moors, A., & De Houwer, J. (in press). Unexpected and just missed: The separate influence of the appraisals of expectancy and proximity on negative emotions. Emotion.

Bossuyt, E., Moors, A., & De Houwer, J. (in press). On angry approach and fearful avoidance: The goal-dependent nature of emotional approach and avoidance tendencies. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.

De Houwer, J., Gawronski, B., & Barnes-Holmes, D. (in press). A functional-cognitive framework for attitude research. European Review of Social Psychology.

Everaert, T., Spruyt, A., Rossi, V., Pourtois, G., & De Houwer, J. (in press). Feature-specific attention allocation overrules the orienting response to emotional stimuli. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.

Raes, A. K., De Houwer, J., De Schryver, M., Brass, M., & Kalisch, R. (in press). Do CS-US pairings actually matter? A within-subject comparison of instructed fear conditioning with and without actual CS-US pairings. PLoS ONE.

Spruyt, A., Klauer, K. C., Gast, A., De Schryver, M., & De Houwer, J. (in press). Feature-specific attention modulates the generalization of recently acquired likes and dislikes. Experimental Psychology.

Van Bockstaele, B., Verschuere, B., Tibboel, H., De Houwer, J., Crombez, G., & Koster, E. (in press). A review of current evidence for the causal impact of attentional bias on fear and anxiety. Psychological Bulletin.

Van Ryckeghem, D. M. L., De Houwer, J., Van Bockstaele, B., Van Damme, S., De Schryver, M., Crombez, G. (in press). Implicit associations between pain and self-schema in chronic pain patients. Pain.

 

Chapters + Difficult to find papers:

  1. De Houwer, J. (in press). Why a propositional single-process model of associative learning deserves to be defended. In J. W. Sherman, B. Gawronski, & Y. Trope (Eds.), Dual processes in social psychology. NY: Guilford. Click here
  2. Gawronski, B., & De Houwer, J. (in press). Implicit measures in social and personality psychology.  In H. T. Reis, & C. M. Judd (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in social and personality psychology (2nd edition). New York: Cambridge University Press. Click here
  3. De Houwer, J., & Moors, A. (2012). How to define and examine implicit processes? In R. Proctor & J. Capaldi (Eds.). Implicit and explicit processes in the psychology of science (pp. 183-198). NY: Oxford University Press. Click here
  4. De Houwer, J. (2012). Evaluative conditioning. In N. R. Seel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning (pp. 1179-1181). NY: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_1031 Click here
  5. De Houwer, J. (2011). Evaluative conditioning: Methodological considerations. In Klauer, K. C., Stahl, C., & Voss, A. (Eds.) Cognitive methods in social psychology (pp. 124-147). New York: Guilford. Click here
  6. De Houwer, J. (2011). Evaluative conditioning: A review of procedure knowledge and mental process theories. In T. R. Schachtman & S. Reilly. Applications of learning and conditioning. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.  Click here
  7. De Houwer, J., & Hermans, D. (2010). Do feelings have a mind of their own? In J. De Houwer & D. Hermans (Eds.), Cognition & Emotion: Reviews of current research and theories (pp. 38-65). Hove, UK: Psychology Press. Click here
  8. De Houwer, J., & Moors, A. (2010). Implicit measures: Similarities and differences. In B. Gawronski, & B. K. Payne (Eds.), Handbook of implicit social cognition: Measurement, theory, and applications. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Click here
  9. De Houwer, J. (2009). Conditioning as a source of liking: There is nothing simple about it. In Wänke, M. (Ed.). Frontiers of Social Psychology: The Social Psychology of Consumer Behavior. New York: Psychology Press. Click here
  10. De Houwer, J. (2009). Comparing measures of attitudes at the procedural and functional level. In R. Petty, R. H. Fazio, & P. Brinol (Eds.), Attitudes: Insights from the new implicit measures. Erlbaum. Click here
  11. De Houwer, J. (2009). The propositional approach to associative learning as an alternative for association formation models. Learning & Behavior, 37, 1-20. Click here
  12. De Houwer, J. (2007). A conceptual and theoretical analysis of evaluative conditioning. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 10, 230-241. Click here
  13. De Houwer, J., & Moors, A. (2007). How to define and examine the implicitness of implicit measures. In B. Wittenbrink & N. Schwarz (Eds.). Implicit measures of  attitudes: Procedures and controversies (pp. 179-194). NewYork: Guilford Press. Click here
  14. De Houwer, J. (2006). What are implicit measures and why are we using them. In R. W. Wiers & A. W. Stacy (Eds.), The handbook of implicit cognition and addiction (pp. 11-28). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishers. Click  here (BIG FILE)
  15. De Houwer, J., Vandorpe, S., & Beckers, T. (2005). On the role of controlled cognitive processes in human associative learning. In A. Wills (Ed.), New directions in human associative learning (pp. 41-63). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Click  here (BIG FILE)
  16. De Houwer, J. (2003). A structural analysis of indirect measures of attitudes. In J. Musch & K.C. Klauer (Eds.), The Psychology of Evaluation: Affective Processes in Cognition and Emotion (pp. 219-244). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Click  here (BIG FILE)

 

BOOK

De Houwer, J., & Hermans, D. (2010). Cognition & Emotion: Reviews of current research and theories. Hove, UK: Psychology Press.

Available at

Psychology Press: http://www.psypress.com/cognition-&-emotion-9781841698717

Amazon: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Cognition-Emotion-Jan-Houwer/dp/1841698717/ref=sr_1_5?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1287399256&sr=1-5

 

 

MAIN RESEARCH TOPICS

Automatic Affective Processing:

Main publications on this topic:

- Remue, J., De Houwer, J., Barnes-Holmes, D., Vanderhasselt, M.-A., & De Raedt, R. (2013). Self-esteem revisited: Performance on the implicit relational assessment procedure as a measure of self- versus ideal self-related cognitions in dysphoria. Cognition & Emotion, 27, 1441-1449. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2013.786681

- De Houwer, J., Teige-Mocigemba, S., Spruyt, A., & Moors, A. (2009). Implicit measures: A normative analysis and review. Psychological Bulletin, 135, 347-368. Click here

- De Houwer, J., & Moors, A. (2010). Implicit measures: Similarities and differences. In B. Gawronski, & B. K. Payne (Eds.), Handbook of implicit social cognition: Measurement, theory, and applications. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Click here

- De Houwer, J., & De Bruycker, E. (2007). The Implicit Association Test outperforms the Extrinsic Affective Simon Task as a measure of interindividual differences in attitudes. British Journal of Social Psychology, 46, 401-421. Click here

Here you can download an Inquisit program for a standard EAST experiment (similar to Experiment 1 of my EAST paper).
(be sure to enter "1" or "2" as subject code because this determines which counterbalancing condition will be applied)

 

See CV for all references.


Evaluative Conditioning:

Main publications on this topic:

- Gast, A., Gawronski, B., & De Houwer, J. (2012). Evaluative Conditioning: Recent developments and future directions. Learning and Motivation, 43, 79-88.

- Hofmann, W., De Houwer, J., Perugini, M., Baeyens, F., & Crombez, G. (2010). Evaluative conditioning in humans: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin 136, 390-421. Click here

- De Houwer, J. (2007). A conceptual and theoretical analysis of evaluative conditioning. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 10, 230-241. Click here

- De Houwer, J., Baeyens, F., & Field, A. P. (2005). Associative learning of likes and dislikes: Some current controversies and possible ways forward. Cognition and Emotion, 19, 161-174. Click here

- De Houwer, J., Thomas, S., & Baeyens, F. (2001). Associative learning of likes and dislikes: A review of 25 years of research on human evaluative conditioning. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 853–869. Click here

 

See CV for all references. 


Associative Learning:

Main publications on this topic:

- Mitchell, C. J., De Houwer, J., & Lovibond, P. F. (2009). The propositional nature of human associative learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32, 183-198. Click here

- De Houwer, J. (2009). The propositional approach to associative learning as an alternative for association formation models. Learning & Behavior, 37, 1-20. Click here

- De Houwer, J., & Beckers, T. (2002). A review of recent developments in research and theory on human contingency learning. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 55B, 289-310. Click here

 

See CV for all references.


Learning via instruction:

Main publications on this topic:

- Raes, A. K., De Houwer, J., De Schryver, M., Brass, M., & Kalisch, R. (in press). Do CS-US pairings actually matter? A within-subject comparison of instructed fear conditioning with and without actual CS-US pairings. PLoS ONE.

- Liefooghe, B., Wenke, D., & De Houwer, J. (2012). Instruction-based task-rule congruency effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 38, 1325-1335. Click here

- De Houwer, J., Beckers, T., Vandorpe, S., & Custers, R. (2005). Further evidence for the role of mode-independent short-term associations in spatial Simon effects. Perception & Psychophysics, 67, 659-666. Click here

See CV for all references.

 


Meta-theory :

Inspired by the work of my mentor Paul Eelen (1980), I have started thinking about the strengths and weaknesses of current practice in psychological research and theorizing. This resulted in a paper (De Houwer, 2011) that was published in a special section of Perspectives on Psychological Science that I edited together with Klaus Fiedler and Agnes Moors. I’m working on related paper that apply these ideas to attitude research, learning research, cognitive control, and the relevance of conditioning research for anxiety disorders.

 

Main publications on this topic:

- De Houwer, J., Gawronski, B., & Barnes-Holmes, D. (in press). A functional-cognitive framework for attitude research. European Review of Social Psychology.

- De Houwer, J., Barnes-Holmes, D., & Moors, A. (2013). What is learning? On the nature and merits of a functional definition of learning. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 20, 631-642. DOI: 10.3758/s13423-013-0386-3

- De Houwer, J. (2011). Why the cognitive approach in psychology would profit from a functional approach and vice versa. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6, 202-209. Click here

 


 Stimulus-Response Compatibility:

The Stroop effect was the topic of my Master thesis (completed in 1991). In a number of experiments, I tested the model of Stroop performance proposed by Glaser and Glaser. As a spin-off of my research on the Extrinsic Affective Simon Task, I've also written some papers on the role extrinsic (i.e., short-term) S-R associations in various SRC tasks (e.g., De Houwer, 2003, 2004; De Houwer et al., 2005).


Attentional bias:

I have been involved in a number of recent studies on attentional bias effects, mainly as a collaborator of Ernst Koster, Karin Mogg, and Brendan Bradley. More recently, Julia Vogt has been conducting research on the effects of goals on attentional bias (see Vogt et al., 2009). I’m also supervising the PhD of Helen Tibboel who is conducting research using the attentional blink paradigm (see Tibboel et al., 2009).  

 


 


Teaching, Graduate Supervision, and Admin 



Since 2002, I teach the second year course on Learning Psychology. I am also supervising the PhD of Marijke Theeuwes (with Baptist Liefooghe), Niclas Heider (with Adriaan Spruyt), Pieter Van Dessel (with Anne Gast), Gaetan Mertens (with Marcel Brass), and Jolien Vanaelst (with Adriaan Spruyt). I have been the (co-)supervisor of the PhD of Tom Beckers (now a Senior Lecturer at the University of Leuven), Agnes Moors (who is now working as a post-doc and part-time lecturer in my lab), Tom Meersmans, Adriaan Spruyt (now a post-doc in my lab), Delphine Vantomme, Els De Bruycker, Stefaan Vandorpe, Marieke Dewitte (now a postdoc at my department and lecturer at the University of Maastricht), Mieke Declercq, Julia Vogt (now a postdoc in my lab and at Chicago Booth Business School), Helen Tibboel (now a postdoc at my lab), Tom Everaert (now a postdoc at my lab),  Evelien Bossuyt (now a postdoc with Agnes Moors), Hendrik Slabbinck (now a lecturer at Ghent University), and Riccardo Zanon.

I’m head of the research group “Learning and Implicit processes” at Ghent University. see http://www.liplab.ugent.be/

I am a member of the research council of Ghent University (2013-2017).
 
 



Editorial Duties


 

Current:

- Member of the Editorial Board, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General (2012-present)

- Member of the Editorial Board, Psychological Bulletin (2014-present)

- Member of the Editorial Board, Personality and Social Psychology Review (2014-present)

- Honorary Member of the Editorial Board, Cognition & Emotion (2014-present)

- Member of the Editorial Board, Experimental Psychology (2001-present)

- Member of the Editorial Board, Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry (2006-present).

- Member of the Editorial Board, Journal of Experimental Psychopathology (2010 – present)

- Member of the Advisory Board, Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science (2012 - present)

- Member of the Editorial Board, Psychopathology Review (2013-present)

- Member of the Editorial Board, Journal of Open Psychology Data (2013-present) 

Past:

- Editor of Cognition and Emotion (together with Dirk Hermans) (2007: Editor Designate; 2008 – 2013: Editor)

- Associate Editor, Cognition & Emotion (2001-2006)

- Editor-Designate (together with Dirk Hermans), Cognition & Emotion, 2007.

- Associate Editor, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (2005-2006)

- Consulting Editor for Journal of Experimental Psychology: General (2005-2006)



Curriculum Vitae



 

12-12-1968: Born in Beerse, Belgium

1991: Master in Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium

1997: PhD in Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium (under the supervision of Prof. Paul Eelen)

1998: Lecturer in Psychology, University of Southampton, UK

2001: Senior Lecturer, Ghent University, Belgium

2004: Professor, Ghent University, Belgium

2004: Awarded the prize of Laureate of the Royal Academy of Sciences (Flanders, Belgium)

2006: Proximus for the Honorary Doctoral Degree awarded to Prof. Robert Rescorla.

2007: Appointed as Co-editor of Cognition and Emotion (together with Dirk Hermans)

2008: Awarded Methusalem financing

2012: Awarded IUAP financing

 

 Last modified 29 December 2013.